How to prevent wrinkles and premature skin ageing

HOW DOES AGEING HAPPEN?

2 min read

Sun Exposure

While you might love

HOW DOES AGEING HAPPEN?

2 min read

Sun Exposure

While you might love to feel the sun on your face, one of the major causes of skin ageing is exposure to UV rays. The damaging rays release their energy into the skin, producing harmful “free radicals” and altering the skin’s cells and fibres through oxidation. With age, the collagen fibres undergo glycation (action of sugars on proteins), making them rigid.

Oxidative stress weakens the cells

Our environment and lifestyle plays an important part in the ageing process. Pollution, alcohol and smoking are all contributing factors, generating ageing free radicals in the skin. Stress also plays a part. Proteins (collagen, elastane), cellular membrane lipids and DNA can be damaged causing disorders that can range from premature ageing to cancer. The good news is there are ways to protect ourselves against external damage.

How to prevent wrinkles and premature skin ageing
How to prevent wrinkles and premature skin ageing

1. PREVENTION AND MODERATING SUN EXPOSURE

The most effective way of protecting the skin from the damage caused by the sun’s UVA and UVB rays is with broad-spectrum sunscreen in a high SPF factor. This will help to prevent premature skin ageing signs such as fine lines, wrinkles and pigmentation. It’s also important to moderate sun exposure especially in the summer months or when you are on holiday. Don't forget to reapply sunscreen regularly throughout the day too, especially after perspiring or swimming.

You can also help to prevent premature ageing by making bigger some changes to your lifestyle. Stopping smoking, drinking less alcohol and eating a healthy diet, rich in fruits and vegetables will help to fight free radicals in the skin which are responsible for causing the skin to age.  I talk about the benefits of stopping smoking. I encourage them to eat a healthy diet, rich in fruits and vegetables, to help fight free radicals. This advice is even more effective when followed before the first visible signs of ageing appear.

2. MOISTURISE EVERY DAY

Depending on your skin type and age, maintaining a consistent skincare routine is a great way of keeping your skin looking and feeling its best. It’s also important to look for formulations that contain antioxidant active ingredients such as fruit acids, vitamin C and retinol as these will help to fight skin-ageing free radicals in the environment. Your broad-spectrum sunscreen should also be the last step in your morning routine.

3. VOID OXIDATIVE STRESS WITH ANTIOXIDANTS

If you are trying to correct damaged skin, antioxidants and antiradical products can help. There are a variety of antioxidants and antiradicals including vitamin C, vitamin E, polyphenols, selenium, copper and zinc. Look for serums and moisturisers that include these ingredients to help improve the appearance of skin concerns such as deep wrinkles, pigmentation and sun spots. Solar radiation – particularly UVAs – also play a major role in the ageing process so antioxidants always need to be used alongside broad-spectrum sunscreen to help prevent further damage.

 

 

l'Oréal