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A better life for sensitive skin
Home > The Derm-Index

The Derm-Index

All you ever wanted to know about skin and dermatological disorders.

All skin disorders > [125] results
Golden rules > [5] results

10 habits to help you take care of your skin on an everyday basis.

Some habits are essential in order to care for your skin and have a radiant complexion all year long.

10 pieces of advice on how to take care of your body skin

Beautiful, healthy looking skin requires daily care, which will leave it feeling softer, suppler and radiantly beautiful!

4 good habits to take proper care of your skin in the sun

To help prevent sun induced skin damage, there are a few rules that must be followed.

5 beauty steps to take care of your hair

To preserve beautiful, healthy hair, adopt a good daily hair care routine.

10 habits for healthy, effective make-up

Putting on make-up is no haphazard matter, especially when you have sensitive skin. Here are 10 tips to help you.

Focus on... > [42] results

Dehydrated skin: when your face loses its radiance.

The epidermis is made up of a large proportion of water. When this water is lacking, the skin becomes vulnerable. This level of hydration must therefore be restored.

Sensitive skin: a complex reality

Sensitive skin suffers from redness, prickling and irritation. It is characterised by hyper-reactivity.


Sensitive skin day and night


Everyone loves the summer, but those hot, sunny months can leave skin feeling dry and sensitive. Here are some tips for
caring for your skin.

Skin Types Explained

You've probably seen skincare products that are designed for different types of skin, like ‘combination’ ‘oily’ and ‘sensitive’. But what do those terms mean? And how do you know what your skin type is?

Caring for sensitive skin

Everyone's skin can feel sensitive or intolerant at times. And for some, this can present a daily challenge. Here are some tips to help you recognise the sources of sensitivity and respond with the right skincare.

Dr Sarah Wakelin’s Q & As for Sensitive Skin


Dr Sarah Wakelin answers the key questions on Sensitive Skin


HAYFEVER AND ALLERGIES - HOW SKINCARE CAN HELP

Hayfever can really put a strain on your summer. If you experience sensitive, itchy skin around your eyes and on your face during the warmer months, the right skincare could help.


Caring for sensitive eyes

Sensitive eyes are a sign that your skin needs some extra care and comfort

Redness: colour changes in sensitive skin

Redness is ranked well ahead of blackheads and dark circles as a major concern among women. However, it is not merely an imperfection that needs to be concealed. It is also the symptom of skin sensitivity.

Sensitive skin: learning to avoid redness

Stress, physical activity, hormonal changes and sun exposure: there are many factors which may cause redness among women with sensitive skin.

Intolerant skin a complex reality

Intolerant skin suffers from redness, prickling and irritation. To improve its everyday comfort, opt for hypoallergenic formulas.

Flushing, erythrosis, blotchiness and rosacea

UV rays and skin ageing are the cause of pigmentation problems in many women. How do they manifest themselves? Discover an overview on the subject.

What Causes Blemish Prone Skin

Skin prone to blemishes? Find out how acne develops and how to treat it, with help from Dr. Tabi Leslie.



Dr. Niki Ralph, Consultant Dermatologist

Answers common questions about oily, blemish-prone skin.

Wrinkles: caused by skin ageing

A major concern for women, wrinkles are one of the signs of ageing. Understanding the processes involved in their appearance helps to target the most suitable treatments.

Sebaceous scaly patches

Sebaceous scaly patches are a form of chronic dermatitis. While their origin is still poorly understood, suitable treatments do exist.

Chronically irritated skin

Chapping, dry patches, flakiness and tightness: when the skin is fragile, skin irritations become a recurrant problem.

Ingrown hairs: a common condition

Ingrown hairs, also known as folliculitis barbae, are a frequent reason for men to consult dermatologists.

What causes scalp sensitivity?

A sensitive scalp feels itchy and irritated. An overview of the causes behind scalp sensitivity and the good daily hair care routine to adopt for effectively treating this disorder.

Children and the sun: protecting them is vital

Because it's thinner, children's skin is more vulnerable to damage from UV rays. By protecting them that you can reduce the risk of sunburn and heatstroke.

Stress can trigger or exacerbate dandruff.

Dandruff is a sign of a bacterial inflammation of the scalp, which accelerates the cell renewal process. Thanks to well-adapted treatments and a healthy lifestyle, you can once again have a healthy scalp.

Dry body skin

In order to restructure the cutaneous barrier in dry skin, it is essential to effectively replenish moisture.

Rough skin

Dry and rough skin is caused by a lack of moisture and abnormal desquamation

CARING FOR YOUR HANDS

Discover la Roche-Posay's top 10 tips for protecting and caring for your hands.

Pregnant women, sun and pregnancy mask

The skin of pregnant women is very sensitive and at risk for pregnancy mask. Therefore a few precautions must be taken.

The sun: its benefits and harmful effects

The sun provides true benefits, but you must make sparing use of them. In particular, the use of a sun protection product is indispensable.

INTRODUCING MY UV PATCH

The first-ever wearable patch that allows users to measure and monitor UV exposure.

Save Your Skin - Sun Protection

Maximum Safety Exposure to the sun: maximum safety for all

Save Your Skin After Exposure

Caring for your skin after exposure to the sun

Corrective make-up

Redness, irregularities and imperfections are all flaws that women would like to play down. Corrective make-up gives them a solution.

Make-up for sensitive skin

A difficult, but not impossible, relationship. Women with sensitive skin need make-up adapted to their skin type.

The eye and its contour: a very sensitive area

Very thin and subject to numerous stresses, the eye contour is one of the most sensitive areas of the face. To protect it, gentleness is crucial.

Ask a Dermatologist > [24] results

Eye make-up: a minimal risk of irritation and allergies

Interview with a dermatologist who discusses the use of make-up on sensitive areas around the eyes.

Pigmentation disorders: be careful when applying products

Interview with a dermatologist who discusses the use of make-up on pigmentation disorders.

Use a yellow concealer on very pronounced dark circles

Interview with a dermatologist who shares advice on using make-up on undereye circles.

Camouflaging a scar: you need a product rich in pigments

Interview with a dermatologist who shares advice on using corrective make-up to camouflage a scar.

I recommend medical make-up to my patients.

Interview with a dermatologist specialised in medical make-up to learn how to conceal red imperfections.

To address the signs of ageing, even out the complexion and play up volume

Interview with a dermatologist who discusses effective techniques for applying age-defying make-up.

Make-up for sensitive skin both corrective and easy to apply

Interview with a dermatologist who discusses the precautions to take when applying make-up to sensitive skin.

I only recommend High and Very High protection

Interview with a dermatologist who discusses sun protection methods.

No sun for children under the age of three.

Interview with a dermatologist who shares his advice on sun prevention in children.

An anti-dandruff treatment must be adapted to the specific type of dandruff

Interview with a dermatologist, who speaks about treating dandruff.

To treat an itchy scalp, you must first treat the cause.

Interview with a dermatologist, who speaks about treating itchy scalps.

Some habits help prevent razor burn.

Interview with a dermatologist, who gives advice to shaving without irritating the skin.

Emollient creams help decrease the frequency of outbreaks.

Interview with a dermatologist who speaks about treating atopic dermatitis in children.

I prescribe soothing or healing creams

Interview with a dermatologist about skin irritations and how to treat and prevent them.

Skin daily moisturisation is essential.

Interview with a dermatologist about the possibilities to delay the appearance of the signs of skin ageing.

Cleaning oily skin requires particular attention.

Interview with a dermatologist on day-to-day care for oily skin .

I always emphasize the need for regular monitoring of adolescent acne.

Interview with a dermatologist on how to treat acne when it occurs during adolescence.

When faced with sensitive skin, thermal spring water should be used.

Interview with a dermatologist talking about skin sensitivity and how it can be treated.

Laser treatment gives excellent results for rosacea.

Interview with a dermatologist on how to prevent and treat rosacea.

"Sensitive skin: discomfort that shows"

Sensitive skin is often synonymous with an uneven complexion. The reason is a strong tendency to redness.

Dry skin: daily moisturisation should be increased

Interview with a dermatologist on how to treat facial dryness.

Testimonals > [11] results

“My routine for my skin which doesn’t tolerate anything”

Some time ago, Laura’s sensitive skin became particularly intolerant. But at last she has found the solution to take care of it.

Those unattractive red marks are now a thing of the past!

With the first signs of ageing and changes in temperature, Emilie’s face skin suffered from unsightly diffuse redness and visible vessels. A few daily steps were all it took to treat the condition.

I’ve learned how to take daily care of my dry skin.

Tight feeling, roughness and discomfort: Carla has always had dry skin. Thanks to these daily steps she finally has velvety skin…

“I’ve still got a radiant complexion… Even in my 40s!"

Without going to extremes and prepared to do anything to stop the ravages of time, Sophie understands the importance of looking after the health and beauty of her skin.

"I use a restoring treatment all year round… And it works for me!!

For several years, Camille had recurring dry patches on her face. She has treated them successfully.

"I’ve managed to attenuate the patches!"

A year ago, Pierre was suffering from severe sebaceous scaly patches. But by using a specialised treatment, he managed to address the problem.

"Corrective make-up helped me feel better in my own skin"

Discover how Céline succeeded in getting over her complex thanks to corrective make-up.

“The itchiness finally stopped!”

Christine’s scalp started to feel itchy after her summer holidays. Today, the irritation and itchiness have finally stopped, thanks to treatments for a sensitive scalp.

I did not make the same mistakes during my second pregnancy

During her first pregnancy, Marie developed a pregnancy mask on her face... But not the second time. She explains why.

my skin stays supple and is smoother

Discover the make-up secrets that Céline, a luxury boutique manager, uses to get a luminous complexion.

« Make-up for sensitive skin is a success! »

After a while, Anna's eyes could hardly tolerate anything…until she discovered a different kind of make-up.

Enlightened by science > [5] results

Hair and scalp physiology

With a surface area of approximately 600 cm2, the scalp is a protective, physical barrier from which the hair grows.

Men’s skin: biologically different from women's skin

Men's skin is thicker and oilier than that of women, with more blood vessels and denser hair growth. Consequently, it has its own specific problems.

UVB and UVA rays: how do they differ and what is their impact on the skin?

UV rays only account for 5% of the sun rays that reach the earth, but they are very powerful.

The different types of skin alterations

Dermatological procedures and outside attacks can lead to the appearance of minor or severe skin lesions.

La réactivité cutanée : 3 origines pour le dénominateur commun des peaux sensibles

Il existe différents profils de peaux sensibles. Les peaux intolérantes, à rougeurs, sèches ou déshydratées peuvent en effet être sensibles.

Key Figure > [20] results

Key Figure - 62% Is the percentage of women ...

62% Is the percentage of women who say they have skin that is reactive, sensitive, irritable and intolerant to all cosmetic products and even water.


Source: Willis CM, Shaw S, de La Charrière O, et al Sensitive skin: an epidemiological study Br J Dermatol  2001;145:258-63.

Key Figure - 65% Is the percentage of women ...

65% Is the percentage of women over the age of 25 who say they suffer from redness on their face.


Source : Redness monitoring unit: study conducted in 2005 by the La Roche-Posay laboratory in 7 European countries and Canada on 2,500 people.

Key Figure - 76% Is the proportion of teenagers ...

76% Is the proportion of teenagers who are affected by skin problems. They represent 70% of dermatologists’ acne patients.


Source : Quantitative La Roche-Posay survey among 118 dermatologists.

Key Figure - 20% Is the percentage of children ...

20 % Is the percentage of children who suffer from atopic eczema. A skin problem that not only upsets the child but their families and friends as well.


Source : 2002 CHU Claude Huriez France

Key Figure - 20% Is the percentage of women ...

20% Is the percentage of women who say they have dry skin on their face.


Source : Health and Beauty 2007

Key Figure - 20% Out of the total amount of water ...

20% Out of the total amount of water present in the human body, this is the percentage contained in the skin.

Key Figure - 70% Is the proportion of women ...

70% Is the proportion of women who say they have sensitive skin. Tightness, discomfort and redness are signs of sensitive skin on the face.


(Source : IPSOS Health & Beauty, figures in France taken from pharmacies in 2005)

Key Figure - 23% Is the percentage of men ...

23% Is the percentage of men and women who suffer from chapped lips or hands. And almost 1 in 10 people are affected by dry patches on their skin.


Source : IPSOS Europe 2003

Key Figure - 58% This is the percentage of atopic children ...

58% This is the percentage of atopic children who have problems sleeping.


Source : Clinical trial conducted on 209 children, ages 2 to 16, with light to moderate atopic dermatitis.

Key Figure- 100% Men's skin ...

100% Men's skin is oilier than that of women. Its hydrolipidic film is richer, with 100% more lipids on the surface.

Key Figure - 2/3 L'exposition aux rayons UV ...

2/3 This represents how much of skin ageing can be attributed to UV ray exposure.


Source : Barbara Gilchrest (M.D. School of Medicine, Boston University).

Key Figure - 76% According to a study conducted ...

76% According to a study conducted on patients suffering from sebaceous scaly patches, stress and tiredness were the cause in 76% of cases.


Source : Study by the Grupo Español del Estudio SEBDERM, 2007

Key Figure - 48% This is the percentage of men ...

48% This is the percentage of men, mainly between the ages of 30 and 50, who suffer from dandruff.


Source : Ipsos, 2003

The statistic - 50% : This is the percentage of women ...

50% : This is the percentage of women who have a sensitive scalp and suffer from itchiness and irritation. 


Source : Clinical trial on skin sensitivity conducted on 400 patients by Dr Laurent Misery.

Key Figure - 25 %

25 %: This is the percentage of pigments contained in a corrective foundation. By means of comparison, traditional foundation has 15 to 20%.


source : Labos LRP

Key Figure - 95% : UVA's account for ...

UVA's account for 95% of the ultraviolet rays that reach the earth. Insidious because they cause no pain, UVA rays penetrate very deeply into the skin and can damage cells

The statistic - 50% of sun capital is exhausted ...

50% of sun capital is exhausted by the age of 20


Source : Godar DE et al. UV doses of young adults. Photochem Photobiol 2003.

Key Figure - 50 to 75% This is the percentage of pregnant women ...

50 to 75% This is the percentage of pregnant women affected by chloasma, or pregnancy mask.

source : Roger D., Boudrie JL., Vaillant L. and Lorette G. Peau et grossesse ("Skin and Pregnancy"). Encycl Méd Chir (Editions Scientifiques et Médicales Elsevier ), Gynécologie/Obstétrique, 5-038-A-, 2000.

Key Figure - 3 to 5% This is the percentage ...

3 to 5% This is the percentage of the European population affected by psoriasis.


Source: 2002 CHU Claude Huriez France

The statistic - 50% : That is the percentage of women ...

50 % That is the percentage of women who report they have sensitive eyes. This sensitivity takes the form of itching, watering eyes, redness, dry eyes, etc.

Source: IPSOS, 2007, Europe: panel of 10,000 people.

True or False? > [18] results

Products for sensitive eyes do not offer optimal results

FALSE
Thanks to a rigorous selection of ingredients, make-up for sensitive eyes ensures optimal comfort. At the same time, it also delivers an outstanding beauty impact: intense colours for eye shadows, volume and/or length for mascara... and in all cases, the products have impeccable hold and colours that do not fade.

You should always use a moisturising cream before for applying make-up

TRUE
For a successful, luminous, even and long-lasting make-up result, it is advisable to moisturise the skin, regardless of whether you use a foundation. Moisturised skin also makes it easier to apply make-up and evens the skin's texture.

Make-up prevents the skin from breathing and causes blemishes

FALSE
Choosing make-up products with a hypoallergenic, purified formula minimises the risk of intolerance and skin sensitivity and ensures maximum comfort for the epidermis. Certain products are even enriched with sebo-regulating zinc to fight the overproduction of sebum.

A woman who did not get pigmentation marks during her first pregnancy is not at risk for her second pregnancy

FALSE
All women are at risk for pigmentation marks and pregnancy mask, regardless of whether they had them during their first pregnancy.

Sun protection products prevent vitamin D absorption.

FALSE
UV rays are required to synthesise vitamin D, which is essential in fixing calcium in the bones. In the summer, even if the sky is overcast, brief periods of exposure (15 minutes) twice a week are all it takes to ensure absorption. Therefore, sun protection does not interfere with this process in any way.

If I have a tan, I no longer need any protection

FALSE
The skin has defense mechanisms to fight the effects of UV rays: it thickens and produces a pigment (melanin) which partially filters UV rays and gives colour to the complexion-- your tan. However, this "natural" protection against the harmful effects of UV rays is superficial because it only partially filters out UV radiation. A tan therefore does not exempt you from using a sun production product.    

Cutting your hair makes it stronger

FALSE
This is a myth that is widespread, yet absolutely false. Our hair, which is embedded in the hair follicles underneath the scalp’s surface, grows from its roots. Cutting a strand of hair at the surface of the scalp will have no strengthening effect on the hair whatsoever.

Make-up can worsen my skin problems

TRUE  and FALSE
Certain ingredients in make-up products can potentially be allergenic. However, there are products that provide high dermatological and ophthalmological tolerance. With these you can avoid dryness and roughness of the epidermis as well as tightness and redness.

Dandruff is caused by a lack of hygiene

FALSE
Dandruff is caused by the proliferation of microscopic yeast in the scalp, called Malassezia. Harsh hair care products, stress, a poor diet and even wearing a hat for long periods of time may also play a role in the formation of dandruff.

Sebaceous scaly patches appear during times of stress

FALSE (and TRUE)
They do not only appear during times of stress. However, like other factors that lower the immune defences, stress may aggravate the problem.

A deterioration in the quality of the complexion is a sign of ageing

TRUE
Loss of radiance and evenness in the complexion are the first ravages left by time. From the age of 30, melanin, which gives the skin its colour, is more unevenly distributed. The skin’s surface appears dull and uneven. It doesn’t reflect light as well and the complexion looks more uneven.

It is normal to experience tight, pulling sensations after a shower

TRUE
Dry skin feels tight, especially after a shower and particularly in regions with hard water.  To minimize skin discomfort, we recommend that you use a gentle, soap-free cleanser and shower in lukewarm water.

Tight, pulling sensations are much more frequent during the winter.

TRUE
Our skin tends to become drier during the cold months. As a result, pickling and tight, pulling sensations are more common during the winter. This is why it is important to effectively moisturise our skin when the temperatures are low.  This is particularly true for our hands, which are increasingly exposed to the cold.

Dermocorticoids are recommended for treating itchiness.

TRUE
Creams that contain corticoids, called dermocorticoids, treat skin lesions as soon as they appear. In a remission phase, intensely moisturising emollient creams help restore the skin barrier and fight against cutaneous dryness.

Some skin types restore better than others

TRUE
Certain factors can indeed influence the reconstruction of the skin. Skin heals quicker in young people for example. Morevover, smoking, taking certain medicines or even certain nutritional deficiencies, can impair the healing process.

Men's skin is thicker than that of women.

TRUE
Men have thicker skin than women, both in the dermis and the epidermis. On average, the skin on men's faces is 22% thicker.

Dehydrated skin and dry skin mean the same thing

FALSE (and TRUE)
Dehydrated skin is skin that lacks water. Dry skin is skin that is lacking in lipids. However, some dry skins can also lack water and therefore be both dry and dehydrated.

Sensitive skin is allergenic skin

FALSE
The hyper-reactivity of sensitive skin is not linked to an allergy but to an abnormal excitability of the skin’s nerve endings. It can be of environmental, vascular or contact origin or be linked to an atopic skin.